Uvularia grandiflora is a native of eastern Canada and USA, with a range roughly imitating a triangle formed by southern Manitoba, Alabama, and southern Quebec at its vertices. It is one of five species in the genus, all of which are endemic to that approximate region.
Local springtime weather (clearly I’m not here) has led to my annual yearning to get outside and see/photograph wildflowers. It’s still too early for the vast majority of native plants here, so I instead dug into my photo archives to have a look at images from a 2012 late April trip to North Carolina.
Commonly known as large-flowered bellwort, Uvularia grandiflora is recommended for garden use in woodland gardens and shaded borders (though it may be inadvisable if deer are a problem). Reaching up to 75cm (30 in.) in height on upright stems, below ground this herbaecous perennial has both small rhizomes (underground stems, in this case to only 1cm) and fleshy roots. The rhizomes help the plant spread vegetatively, so this species is occasionally colony-forming. That noted, it is not as assertive as the similar-looking Uvularia perfoliata. In addition to the rhizomes for vegetative propagation, Uvularia perfoliata has above-ground ground-hugging stems called stolons that can be 150cm (5 ft.) in length–more effective for forming colonies. The Mt. Cuba Center has photographs of colony-forming large-flowered bellwort on its Uvularia grandiflora page.
Uvularia is apparently derived from the Latin ūvula (thanks, Wikipedia):
meaning “little grape,” likely because of the way the flowers hang downward. For the same reason Uvularia may also refer to the similarly derived palatine uvula, which hangs down from the soft palate in the mouth.
Some BPotD news: I’m continuing to update / refresh older entries; over 25% of all BPotD entries are now fully in the new format with reviewed / corrected links, tags, and nomenclature. You can visit the Botany Photo of the Day Monthly Archives to see the progress, though I am also sometimes updating plants by groups. For example, in anticipation of the magnolias blooming locally, I’ve updated all of the Magnoliaceae.