A beautiful Arctic species, Chamaenerion latifolium, or broadleaf willowherb, is featured as today’s Botany Photo of the Day. These striking blooms are especially dramatic as they stand out from the usual grey and brown palette often characteristic of tundra regions.
Plants in the group are either known as willowherbs (due to the willow-like shape of the leaves) or fireweeds. Chamaenerion latifolium has the common names of dwarf fireweed or river beauty willowherb. As a circumpolar species, it is found broadly throughout the northern hemisphere in arctic and alpine regions (though, in this instance, not in northern continental Europe).
In Canada’s arctic archipelago, Chamaenerion latifolium is found in the following habitats (based on herbarium specimen labels):