The genus Fritillaria is currently a member of the Liliaceae. Historically, the Liliaceae has been a catch-all family, where genera of unknown descent were tentatively placed. Recently, due to advanced genetic research, the Liliaceae has undergone a “spring cleaning” — many genera were removed and reclassified into a diverse set of families. However, Fritillaria has escaped reclassification.
The word Fritillaria is derived from the Latin word fritillus meaning “dice box”. This refers to its often checkered or tessellated pattern. This species is less conspicuous than its relative Fritillaria meleagris, the snakehead fritillary, as it doesn’t have the checkered petals that snakehead fritillary (and many others) have. This fritillary is said to be un-tesselated (un-checkered).
Fritillaria bithynica is native to the Aegean Islands between Greece and Turkey as well as Turkey. It is a small, understory, herbaceous plant and quite sophisticated in its monochromatic inconspicuous green hue.