Botany Photo of the Day
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January 18, 2017: Botany Photo of the Day is being actively worked on. Returning soon!

Noteroclada confluens

Noteroclada confluens

Bryant writes:

A big thank you to Huenchecal.@Flickr (aka Efe) for contributing today's photo via the BPotD Flickr Pool. The image is of Noteroclada confluens, a liverwort native to South America. It is a member of the Pelliaceae, a relatively small family with only two genera, Pellia and Noteroclada. There has been some confusion to whether Noteroclada is phylogenetically related to Fossombronia; however, the confusion is thought to stem from a historical mixing of characteristics between Fossombronia and Noteroclada as well as the addition of the synonym Androcryphia. Noteroclada is now thought to be clearly distinguished. Recently, a comprehensive study (complete with some excellent scanning electron micrographs) was conducted to settle the confusion and provide evidence for the modern classification of members of Noteroclada, see: Crandall-Stotler et al. 2010. On the morphology, systematics, and phylogeny of Noteroclada (Noterocladaceae, Marchintiophyta) (PDF). Nova Hedwigia. 91(3-4): 421-450.

Like other members of its genus, Noteroclada confluens often forms dense mats in moist areas along the banks of streams, ponds, bogs and seeps (but does not grow when submerged). Members of the Noteroclada are also known for their relationship with glomeromycotean fungi, which form a network of arbuscular mycorrhizae around the thalli (or undifferentiated vegetative tissue) of the liverworts. Another interesting feature of this species is the rather astonishing morphology of its sporophyte (spore-bearing structure), which can reach extraordinary lengths. For examples, see Noteroclada confluens with sporophytes and this image of an unidentified Noteroclada species with a sporophyte.


What, no comments?!! OK, let me be the cheerleader for liverworts, lichens, molds, and fungi. Go, primitive plants, go!! Great photo, Efe. Thanks.

Michael - we're all to sick to lift our heads or use the keyboard. If it's not the flu, it's a miserable cold with a cough like a barking sea lion that hangs on for over 2 weeks. Happy to be alive! go fungus, boo bacteria.

Too bad about those with the flu, wishing you speedy recovery.
I didnt comment as I was out testing outdoor gear in the subzero temperatures (-25 F) we were blessed with!
How nice to come back and see a photo of one of my favorite plant families,and a reminder of warmer weather.
I wonder if there are any medicinal values to these.

Beautiful, simple architecture. Rich connections between these moisture-loving plants.

I love reading these posts, please feel better soon!

i have been feeling just as green as the picture
i live in florida central west coast we are intense
with the flu .the weather is just lovely mild but
if you all are in anyway a diabectic its more intense

i hope you improve takes time and we will all carry on
its not easy being green as kermit would say

Elizabeth, sorry to hear you're feeling green, and probably blue too, being down with the flu. I hope you and Daniel and the rest of you are feeling better very soon.

Michael, I enjoyed the cheerleading.

Efe, Bryant and Daniel, this was so interesting. Thanks.

What temperature range or biogeoclimatic zone? Also did anyone have a flu shot and then get the flu? Just the curious scientific mind at work. . .

YAY!!!!!!! I love leafy liverworts - and I learned last year that in USA there are flowering plants referred to as liverworts, as well as these gorgeous bryos. In UK liverwort only means the bryological type so I got confused at the time.

Thanks for this fab post & write up and thanks for your great comments everyone, I do hope you're all well recovered from your winter lurgies by now and have turned a healthier non-green shade!

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